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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 18, 2017 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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a very warm welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in north america and around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: president obama reduces the sentence of former us soldier chelsea manning, jailed for leaking classified documents. britain's prime minister spells out her goals for brexit. the uk will leave the european single market, but seek new trade agreements and aim to control immigration. china's president defends globalisation and insists there will be no winners in a trade war between washington and beijing. and something fishy: why one of the world's biggest markets is heading for a new home and not everyone‘s happy about it. hello. president obama has commuted
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the sentence of chelsea manning, the american soldier, formerly bradley manning, who was found guilty of providing us intelligence documents to wikileaks and sentenced to 35 years in prison. she has served seven years. it's a high profile and controversial move just days before mr obama leaves office. the bbc‘s rajini vaidyanathan, who covered the original trial, has the story. chelsea manning is responsible for one of the largest leak of government secrets in american history. former bradley manning, who was serving in iraq, at the low banking private hacked government databases, adding all 700,000 classified documents to the wikileaks classified documents to the wikilea ks organisation. classified documents to the wikileaks organisation. —— handing. that included his classified video showing us forces machine—gunned iraqi civilians they mistook for insurgents. and also 250,000
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diplomatic cables from across the globe and nearly 500,000 military records, which detailed american military tactics and revealed the names of afghan informants. but the main outcome was that it caused huge embarrassment to us diplomats by making public their private thoughts. it was a very unfortunate and damaging actions that were taken that put at risk individuals and relationships. manning supporters said she was a whistleblower, not a traitor. bradley manning was sentenced to 35 years in prison. during the court martial heard lawyers said their client struggled with gender identity disorder. shortly after the trial bradley announced she would be called
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chelsea and live as a woman. she was held at a male prison in kansas and successfully lobbied for warm on therapy. she also tried to take her life on two occasions. the campaign for chelsea manning's pardon began the day she was convicted in 2013. now president 0bama the day she was convicted in 2013. now president obama has made it one of his final acts in office, a decision that will please as much as it will anger. 0perator —— puerto rican nationalists is also being dead clemency. —— has also received clemency. —— has also received clemency from president obama. after months of waiting, britain got some clarity today on what exit from the european union will actually mean and it's going to be the option known as brexit max. prime minister theresa may set out 12 key objectives she hopes her negotiators will secure, as they negotiate
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the uk's withdrawal. key among them, that the uk will leave the european single market but still seek a free trade deal with it. sterling rose on the news but the plan has also been criticised. it was billed as the most important speech of her term in office. it was certainly the clearest exhibition yet of what britain wants from brexit. not partial membership of the european union, associated membership of the european union or anything that leaves us half in, half out. i want to be clear. what i am proposing can't mean membership of the single market. but, she said, britain pushed for the freest possible trade with european countries and other nations around the world. for the first time, it has made concerns that the british parliament would get to vote on the final deal at the end of the negotiations. sitting in the audience were some of the
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ambassadors to the uk. mrs may emphasised she didn't want to undermine the eu, but she also warned against those who want to see the uk punished for voting to leave. while i am sure a positive agreement can be reached, i am equally clear that no dealfor can be reached, i am equally clear that no deal for britain is better than a bad dealfor britain. that no deal for britain is better than a bad deal for britain. the opposition labour party said mrs may wa nt to opposition labour party said mrs may want to leave the single market, yet still have access to it. that, they said, was like having your cake and eating it, having warned against a negotiating position. rout the speech there seemed to be a threat that some are along the line if all the optimism of a deal with the european union didn't work we will move into a low tax, corporate taxation, bargain —based economy of the offshores of europe's. and that implication of the warning was picked up a european parliament's chief negotiator on brexit. picked up a european parliament's chief negotiator on brexitlj picked up a european parliament's chief negotiator on brexit. i don't think we will make a lot of progress
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if this has to happen under threats, because... saying, 0k. .. if this has to happen under threats, because... saying, ok... or if our european counterparts don't accept it we will make britain a free zone 01’ it we will make britain a free zone or tax haven. i don't think that's very helpful. it creates an illusion. the illusion that you can go out of the single market, that you can go out of the customs union and you can cherry pick. that you can still have a number of advantages. i think that won't happen. the german foreign minister said at least the british position was now much clearer, a sentiment echoed in the irish parliament. was now much clearer, a sentiment echoed in the irish parliamentlj welcome this today added rings clarity in a number of areas. this is the start of the process now. europe is now going to have to respond to the statement made by the prime minister today. and the
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response is only just prime minister today. and the response is onlyjust beginning. the tough negotiations will take many yea rs. in a possible sign of changing times, russian president vladimir putin has invited members of donald trump's team to attend peace talks on syria next week. russia and turkey, not the us, are clearly driving the agenda at the summit in kazakhstan. the meeting comes a month after the syrian regime took full control of aleppo, the country's second largest city. the bbc‘sjeremy bowen sent this report from what remains of the great mosque of aleppo. the battle for aleppo was the most divisive of the war so far. it is syria's big city, it is the key to the north of the country. and both sides were prepared to destroy it to possess it. the cost has been very high, in blood and dimmable and other city that can trace its history back 50 centuries. this is
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the great mosque in aleppo, the admired mosque, which dates back to the 700s. admired mosque, which dates back to the 7005. it admired mosque, which dates back to the 700s. it has been used as a military position and there's heavy damage. it is a un heritage site, now it is covered in sandbags, bullet holes. you can see how much fighting went on here. over in that corner stood the famous miller —— tower we re corner stood the famous miller —— tower were that was destroyed in april of 2013. at the time there we re april of 2013. at the time there were lots of reports saying it was done by a regime shelling by people who are representatives to the syrian government say it was done by the rebels who blew it up. this is one of the sides of the mosque. you can see it was used as an entrance and an exit. a lot of damage around
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here. a lot of bullet holes. a lot of evidence of shellfire. and the fa ct of evidence of shellfire. and the fact that it was used as a military position is very clear. you can see this from the line of oil drums. they were used to shield people inside you. and if you look at the ceiling, it is absolutely gutted with shrapnel marks, which means there were big explosions here right inside the mosque. you can see the damage. the damage done to these really important religious, cultural, historic sites is tragic. weigh more tragic is the fact that so many people used to pray in this mosque, who would shop in the streets, they are now dead. in terms of progress of the war, capturing aleppo was the vital moment for the regime and its allies, the russians and iranians, the lebanese and hezbollah, because for the first time president assad camp nou sense
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victory. the war is in a new phase, it isn't over. from the point of view of the regime in damascus, this is the strongest they have been since it started. president xi jinping has told a gathering of elites from across the world that china wants to be a champion of free trade and stability. he made no direct reference to donald trump, but his comments are in stark contrast to mr trump's ‘america first‘ vision. addressing the world economic forum meeting in davos, switzerland, the chinese leader warned against a trade war with the us, saying there would be no winners. 0ur economics editor kamal ahmed has this report. he arrived with full security detail, the president of china, here to speak to an eager audience of political and business leaders. mr xi didn't actually mention president—elect donald j trump. he didn't need to. the message was clear.
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translation: pursuing protectionism is just like locking oneself in a dark room. while wind and rain may be kept outside, so are light and air. no—one will emerge as a winner in a trade war. he also said that countries should redouble their commitment to the paris climate change agreement, which mr trump has threatened to quit. translation: all signatories should stick to it, instead of walking away from it, as this is a responsibility we must assume for future generations. the debate about globalisation is truly a "through the looking glass" moment, the leader of the world's largest communist party here at the home of capitalism, arguing for free trade and open borders, at the same time as donald trump is saying that he doesn't like free trade, and is accusing china of raping america with cheap imports. president xi jinping said he didn't want a trade war, but he sounds like he might be preparing for one.
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after the tough words of the president—elect, today a slightly softer tone from america. i think the chinese and americans have common cause, and we have to have a very strong bilateral relationship. i also believe that the united states and the new administration does not want to have a trade war. president xi is determined to lead the push for greater free trade, as the us turns inwards. the tense relationship between these two economic superpowers will define the global economy's performance over the next decade. and a little later we'll take a look at chinese investment in the us and the hollywood star, in davos. still to come: out with the old, in with the new. why the world's biggest fish market is moving and why some are not happy about it. the people of saigon have just heard there is to be a ceasefire.
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the reaction of american servicemen was predictable. i'm going home! demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with teargas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they will carry on the protests throughout the tour. they called him the butcher of lyon. klaus altmann is being held on a fraud charge in bolivia but the west germans want to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there he was the gestapo chief klaus barbie. millions came to bathe as close as possible to this spot, a tide of humanity which is believed by officials to have broken all records. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: president obama has commuted most of the remaining prison sentence of chelsea manning, who was behind one of america's biggest ever leaks of classified information. britain's prime minister, theresa may, has been spelling out her strategic goals for the uk's exit from the european union. the outgoing us ambassador to the united nations has accused russia of trying to destabilise the international world order. in her last major speech as a member of the obama administration, samantha power also said the world must confront the forces of authoritarianism. the bbc‘s barbara plett—usher caught up with ambassador power after her speech. you have been saying that russia is tearing down the rules —based international order which is really quite strong stuff, but a lot of it has been happening on your watch, hasn't it, so do you think the obama
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administration underestimated it? from the beginning we have cooperated where we gain, and then when we sought deviance and threats to security, we held them accountable, whether through sanctions with ukraine, and with foreign interference in the election, or calling that out as on syria, making sure they feel the diplomatic isolation. the approach didn't really change as the threat increased, did it, sanctions, yes, but nothing beyond it, so should you have tried something else? we executed on a whole number of steps. sanctions are no small thing. the russian economy has been in freefall, as you know, since the ukraine intervention by putin, the attempted takeover of crony and eastern ukraine. the investments we have made in shoring up allies in eastern the military exercises, investments we have made in the ukrainian military so it can defend itself. what about a show of force, which seems to be the message putin
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says? avoiding world war three was also advisable. is that the only option? what do you mean about show of force ? option? what do you mean about show of force? these terms are thrown around. as one makesjudgements about what to do, one has to take into account the school tory risk. we have imposed significant diplomatic and economic costs on a regime that has flouted the rules of the road. so this is a complex relationship, but what was important about the message we have sent as an administration as we hand off is that you cannot see anyone of russia's actions in isolation, you have to take it as a pattern, and they are not benefiting from the order and they want to bring it down and we need to contest that. 0utgoing ambassador power. donald trump's calls to keep manufacturing in the us have not gone unnoticed by america's car makers. just today, general motors became the latest to announce a major investment — $1 billion, affecting some 1500 jobs.
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gm left one 0hio town years ago and here's a strange twist, the factory it left behind is alive and buzzing again, thanks to chinese investment. laura trevelyan went for a look. this is donald trump's america now. moraine, 0hio. like so many small towns across the nation, he won here with a promise to bring backjobs. somewhat surprisingly, though, the factory down the road is run by company with its headquarters in china. fuyao glass has moved into a plant that general motors closed down, making windshields where cars once rolled off the assembly line. on this 0hio factory floor, donald trump's anti—globalisation campaign rhetoric meets the reality. this chinese—managed company is determined to become the biggest manufacturer of car windshields in the world. our goal obviously is to become number one, and to achieve the goal you have to combine all of the resources, the manpower, so i believe we have to have two feet, one in china, one in the us.
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fuyao's putting its money where its mouth is, investing millions of dollars on the moraine plant. while many of the managers are chinese, more than 2,000 jobs have been created locally. scott used to work for general motors and he's still grappling with the cultural differences. we have to find common ground on what our goals are, our goals and our standards, there are a lot you don't necessarily see here that you would in an established american company. the american dream's taken a hit at the local tavern, though, where there's nostalgia for the gm days when business was brisk. the tammy's regulars say, thanks to fuyao, things are picking up. my son is working there, he's building the catwalks and stuff inside the place. experts say this is the future.
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china has been rapidly increasing exports to the united states. it is trying to move from an assembly plant to be involved in the distribution system, getting close to the customers. can they penetrate deeper into the american market? donald trump threatened to impose ta riffs donald trump threatened to impose tariffs on chinese imports and his rhetoric against china is heated. geoffrey louise and worried. we don't really talk about politics, we talk about local people. the us and china. we are trying to follow the american dream. the american dream has taken a hit at the local tavern where there is nostalgia for the gm days when business was brisk. where there is nostalgia for the gm days when business was brisklj days when business was brisk.” would have three deep people around the bar, two or three waitresses working, and now just the bar, two or three waitresses working, and nowjust one person works during the day, it is very slow. are regulars say things are picking up. a lot of my friends were
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fair. and they are doing good. the trump supporters around this part and across the nation hope the next president will bring business back to their communities. they might be surprised china is creating manufacturing jobs, but a pay cheque is better than none. laura trevelyan, bbc news, 0hio. the president of gambia has declared a state of emergency two days before the opposition leader replaces him. he has refused to accept defeat. holidays companies have started flying to resign. the buses are crammed and so are the suitcases. these people are among the thousands abandoning their homes in the gambian capital fearing for their safety. as they count the passengers staff struggle with the
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man. translation: we have been overwhelmed. we have 25 minibuses leaving everyday, not including the number of big buses leaving. and despite that there are still passengers waiting for a seat. while many choose to flee, this man insist he is going nowhere, just days before he was supposed to leave office, president yahya jammeh declared a 90 day state of emergency and warned against threats to public order. if it is allowed to continue, they may lead a state public emergency. last month the gambian president conceded defeat in his country's collections and agreed to stand down after 22 years in power. the man who beat him, adama barrow, was supposed to be sworn in on thursday. the result prompted celebrations on the country's streets, but within days president
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jammeh and by—election, citing flaws with the vote. despite international pressure he is refusing to step aside and the stand—off has now prompted travel companies to fly tourists out of the country. the uk foreign office is the latest to warn people not to travel to gambia claiming... 0n the road out of gambia's capital stands a stadium where president—elect adama will be sworn in on thursday but with little evidence of any preparations being made and little hope for those calling for a peaceful transition of power. tokyo's legendary tsukiji fish market is the biggest in the world. it supplies the city's finest sushi restaurants, as well as the general public. but it is set to be closed down and moved to a bigger, more modern site, causing regret for some. the bbc‘s rupert wingfield—hayes has
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been taking a look. it's five o'clock in the morning inside the world's biggest fish market and the tuna auctions are under way. this is the first auction of 2017 and the prices are likely to be high. this will be the last new year auction held in tsukiji perhaps ever, because this market's supposed to close, and over here, if you come over here, you can see, you can see through here, these are the really big ones, these are the fish that are 200—250 kilos, these are the ones that might reach record prices — that current record for one fish here, us $1.7 million. tsukiji market is like no other, vast and chaotic. on a good day, 60,000 people bustle through this maze of alleys and shops. but soon, all of this will be gone, the buildings demolished, the land sold to developers. toichiro iida's family have been trading tuna since the days of the shogun. in tsukiji, i'm third—generation,
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and we are doing this business for 170 years almost, so, what we feel is we built this place, i mean, the tsukiji, not built by someone. actually, we make history in this place. but why do we have to move from here? moving is not the only worry. the meat from this 200 kilo monster will go to the top sushi restaurant in nearby ginza. but fish like this are getting hard to find. in the pacific and atlantic, stocks of bluefin tuna has fallen by more than 90%. the frozen one is 1000 or less each day, and a fresh one is like 300, 200, something, 100 less, so the number of fish is decreased, so we don't have enough fish to sell, actually. do you worry about the future of the industry?
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yes. maybe, maybe it is going to be like the whale, could be. this new year, the top bid went for this 210 kilo bluefin, $632,000 us. critics say publicity stunts like this ignore the fact that these fish are now endangered species. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news at the tsukiji fish market in tokyo. more four—year on that and all of the news anytime on the bbc‘s website and you can reach me and most of the team on twitter. thank you very much for watching, come again. hello there.
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hopefully you like cloudy weather, because that's what's coming up in the forecast really through the rest of the week and well into the weekend as well. satellite picture yesterday shows the extent of the cloud cover. rather misty across parst of england and wales, warm for the eastern side of scotland for the time of year but cold with the sunshine across east anglia and south—east england and these conditions will persist for another few days. across the midlands into staffordshire we have misty conditions and that will continue to thicken up as well. so for wednesday morning expect a couple of fog patches over the hills of northern england, the pennines, the vale of york. one or two fog patches possible for the south—east of england as well. for many of us it won't be a particularly cold start to the day, with temperatures around 7—9 degrees, but it will be cold for the south—east of england. here, a sharp overnight frost with clear skies, fog patches and temperatures as low as —7. we're tapping into some of the cold airfrom the continent across the far south—east of england, otherwise we have high pressure in charge of the weather but we also have this weather front bringing a lot of cloud with it
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and the cloud will be thick enough at times on wednesday morning to bring occasional spots of rain or drizzle. the likely places to catch that across parts of north wales into the north—west midlands, cheshire, merseyside, greater manchester, these areas probably starting off quite damp. a lot of cloud for northern ireland and scotland. 0ccasional spots of rain in the west. clear spells to start the day across eastern scotland. through the rest of day, where the front remains a slow—moving, if you are underneath this area of cloud it will stay with us all day. it will be a glorious day for south—east england. plenty of sunshine but it is cold and i hold out the prospect of some breaks coming along with the cloud across northern ireland and western scotland. it won't be solidly cloudy but, that said, they will be a lot of cloud around. temperatures reaching double figures in the warmest spots. 0n into wednesday night, another cold one coming up across southern counties of england. the tendency for the breaks on the cloud to extend across southern counties of england. that is where we will have the frosty weather overnight.
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further north, with the cloud cover, again, it is generally frost free with temperatures around 5—7 degrees. thursday starting on a dull and cloudy note, save for southern england, with the prospect of early morning sunshine, and staying reasonably bright through the rest of the day. temperatures under the cloud, 7—9 degrees, maybe ten in western scotland, and spots of rain coming from the cloud now and then. similar weather through friday into the weekend. we have to wait until next week before we see any significant changes in the weather pattern. that's your forecast. the latest headlines from bbc news. my name's mike embley. president obama has commuted the prison sentence of chelsea manning, the american soldierjailed for 35 years for leaking vast numbers of classified documents. manning is now due to be released in may. the transgender soldier served in iraq and was formerly known as bradley manning. britain's prime minister has given more details of her government's plans to leave the eu. theresa may warned that no deal was better than a bad deal. she told eu leaders that it would be an act of calamitous self—harm to impose a punitive settlement on the uk to deter others
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from leaving. china's president, xi xinping, has told the world economic forum in davos that his country wants to be a champion of free trade and stability. in his speech he made no direct reference to us president—elect donald trump, but warned against a trade war with america, saying there would be no winners. now on bbc news it's time for tuesday in parliament.
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